The Hubble Space Telescope has captured two galaxies colliding 275 million light-years from the sun in a new image that reveals signs of intense impending star formation. Astronomers have used a name for this pair of galaxies, IC 1623, because they are in the advanced stage of merging into a new “starburst” galaxy. This process is accompanied by the influx of powerful gas, which triggers the strong formation of new stars, hence the name “starburst”. The merged galaxy
is part of Cetus (or Whale), the fourth largest constellation in the sky, located in the southern hemisphere, near Aquarius, Pisces, and Taurus.
This image was taken by Hubble’s wide-angle camera 3 and combines observations at eight different wavelengths, from infrared to ultraviolet. ESA said in a statement that as astronomers seek to learn more about the processes that drive extreme star formation, the object will become one of NASA/ESA/CASA’s James Webb Space Telescope targets. Tereza Pultarova
The worst drought in decades has reduced coffee production in Brazil.
A false-color image of the drought-affected area in southeastern Brazil taken by the European Sentinel 2 satellite.
(Image source: Copernicus)
Friday, June 18, 2021: The European Sentinel2 satellite captured false-color images of drought-affected areas in southeastern Brazil. This image taken on Sunday (June 13) shows the coffee growing area around the city of Patrosinho, Minas Gerais, which is currently facing its worst drought in 91 years.
78% of the region’s economy is dependent on coffee production, and there has been very little rainfall for several months. The 2021 coffee harvest is severely affected by the lack of water. As the southern hemisphere now enters a generally dry winter, agronomists have begun to pay attention to the 2022 harvest.
According to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications, extreme droughts may become more frequent in the area and may threaten the economic stability of the area.