According to the new energy progress report, about 3 billion people do not have access to clean cooking solutions, mainly in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Without urgent attention to this issue, by 2030, only 72% of the world’s population will have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels. Household air pollution will continue to cause millions of deaths from non-communicable diseases, pneumonia and the new coronavirus. The
Energy Progress Report aims to provide the international community with a global dashboard to record progress in obtaining energy, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and promoting international cooperation for Sustainable Development Goal 7. It assesses each country’s progress on these four pillars and provides a snapshot of how far we are from achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) goals by 2030. The World Health Organization is one of the trustees of the report and is responsible for reporting the proportion of the population that mainly relies on clean fuels and technology.
In the past decade, the proportion of the world’s population with access to electricity has been higher than ever before, but the number of people without electricity in sub-Saharan Africa has actually increased. According to the SDG 7 Tracker: Energy Progress Report released today, the SDG 7 tracker: Unless the countries with the largest deficits step up their efforts, the world will not be able to guarantee universal access to affordable, reliable, and sustainable Modern energy. International. Energy Agency (IEA), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), World Bank and World Health Organization (WHO).
According to the report, since 2010, significant progress has been made in all aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 7, but the progress is uneven across regions. In the past decade, although more than 1 billion people worldwide have access to electricity, the financial impact of COVID has made it impossible for 30 million people to afford basic electricity services, most of whom are located in Africa. Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia have the largest power supply gaps, and Ethiopia has replaced India in the top three.
Globally, the number of people without access to electricity dropped from 1.2 billion in 2010 to 759 million in 2019. Electrification, in particular, gained momentum for decentralized solutions based on renewable energy. From 2010 to 2019, the number of people connected to the microgrid more than doubled, from 5 million to 11 million. However, based on current and planned policies, and most affected by the COVID19 crisis, it is estimated that 660 million people will be unavailable by 2030, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa.
At the same time, there are still around 2.6 billion people without access to a clean kitchen in 2019, representing a third of the world’s population. Progress since 2010 has basically stalled, causing millions of people to die each year from inhaling kitchen fumes. If swift action is not taken to scale up clean cooking, the world will not reach 30% of its target by 2030. The visitation situation in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by population growth faster than the rate of growth in the number of people who have access to food, so that 910 million people in the region do not have access to a clean kitchen. The top 20 countries lacking clean fuels and technologies represent 81% of the world’s population. Among them, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Niger, Uganda and Tanzania have less than or equal to 5% of the population capable of obtaining a clean kitchen. On the positive side, Indonesia, Cambodia and Myanmar have all achieved growth each year during the reporting period.
The report examines various ways to close the gap to achieve SDG 7. The main one is the goal of significantly expanding renewables. During the COVID19 crisis, renewable energy has proven to be more resilient than other parts of the energy sector. Although renewable energy has experienced unprecedented growth in the last decade, its share in total final energy consumption has remained stable as global energy consumption has grown at a similar rate. Renewable energy is the most dynamic in the electricity sector, reaching around 25% in 2018, while progress in the heating and transport sectors is much slower.
More than a third of the growth in renewable energy generation in 2018 can be attributed to East Asia driven by the massive absorption of solar and wind energy by China. Due to the increase in hydroelectric power generation, the country that made the most progress in renewable energy in 2018 was Spain, followed by Indonesia, where the rapid absorption of bioenergy for power generation played an important role. In order to substantially increase the share of renewable energy in accordance with the specific targets of Sustainable Development Goal 7, all current end-use sectors must accelerate their efforts to expand the absorption of renewable energy while controlling the total energy demand.
The improvement of energy intensity (energy efficiency index) is farther and farther away from the 2030 target set by SDG 7. Compared with 2017, the improvement rate of global primary energy intensity in 2018 is 1.1%, which is the lowest average annual improvement rate since 2010. If we are to achieve the goal, the annual improvement by 2030 now requires an average of 3%.
Accelerating progress in all regions and indicators will require stronger political commitment, long-term energy planning, and appropriate policy and incentives for scale to stimulate faster adoption of sustainable energy solutions. While investment in clean energy continues to come primarily from the private sector, the public sector remains the main source of financing and the core of the use of private capital, especially in developing countries and post-epidemic contexts. One of the latest indicators in the report, that is, the flow of international public funds to developing countries, shows that international financial support remains concentrated in a few countries and has not benefited many countries in need. In 2018, funds that flowed to developing countries to support clean and renewable energy reached US $ 14 billion, of which only 20% went to the least developed countries, which are the furthest away. to achieve the objectives of Sustainable Development Goal 7. Increasing attention