Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, September 23 (EFE).- Former Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero considered this Friday that Morocco’s proposal to make the Sahara an autonomous region of its territory is “a good way to negotiate” and described the main to support it. Executive Pedro Sanchez’s position is “bold”.
Zapatero recalled that already in 2007, when he received the offer of autonomy, becoming president of the government, it seemed to him a good starting point for negotiations, as he told journalists during his speech at the end of the conference “For peace and security in Western Sahara”. , called by the Sahrawi Movement for Peace in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.
Rodríguez Zapatero maintains that a peace agreement is needed not only for the Sahara but also for the Maghreb, and above all, a “historic change” is needed in North Africa due to the current global geopolitical moment, and points out that experience shows that after 50 years of conflict, as , “The possibility of a way is beginning to dawn.”
He stressed that “we cannot remain silent in an era of very serious conflict” and therefore valued holding the conference, saying that it was “vital” to understand the initiative for peace.
According to him, the solution of the problem between Morocco and the Sahara should be considered from the beginning of coexistence, and he argued that the best political agreements in history have been the result of shared sacrifice and recognition, not the denial of others. .
“Political maps of history are variable and complex, much more so as those resulting from postcolonial processes; It is definitely known that understanding is the solution”, he added.
He says that in 2007 he supported the autonomy of the Sahara, but that “communication and emotion cannot remember our past, it is in the archives of newspapers”, that it is an intermediate solution because “it is not a rupture or a transfer” and that the position taken by Pedro Sánchez is “brave and correct”.
Regarding the opinions that oppose this solution, called the third way, he indicated that he does not disqualify those who oppose it, and recalled that his government was the one that “helped the Saharawi people the most. Cooperation”.
“I have maintained the same position for a long time: the path of a great self-government for the Sahara is the most solid for the future and the best for the population, and this is my independent opinion”, emphasized Zapatero, who argued that the political solution is to walk the path of an agreement that The United Nations has support.
Regardless, he said the UN must “overturn all political authority” to resolve the conflict and “all of us must help whatever it tells us.”
There are several proposals on the table of this conflict, the defense of the right to autonomy by Morocco and self-determination by the Polisario Front, but the United Nations is for him, and even more so at this time when more serious conflicts are taking place, “Let’s strengthen the authority of the United Nations”, he concluded.
Socialist MEP Juan Fernando López Aguilar, president of the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties Commission, has also defended a solution to the Sahara conflict that goes through an agreement between the two sides and is subsequently submitted to the Saharawi people for consultation.
In the face of criticism for Pedro Sánchez’s support for Morocco’s autonomy proposal, López Aguilar maintains that the Spanish government’s position is compatible with the European Union and respects international law. Same terms as the UN Resolution since 2007.
For the Socialist MEP, this conflict has “hidden a human pain” for 50 years and that is why it is worth taking part in this conference to find a solution; “It goes on too long and there are many of us who feel that any mutually accepted solution through compromise would be better than another fifty years of suffering”.
As for the criticism he received for his speech, he clarified his respect for the Polisario Front, but expressed his “anger” at the “disqualification of the conference and those who will participate” by the political representatives of the Canary Islands. whom they have come to consider “agents paid by Morocco”.
For López Aguilar, such incompetence is “intolerable and a textbook example of what is being fought in the EU as ‘fake news’ and addiction.”
According to the MEP, this involves not only “deceptive intoxication”, because they lie as if “it is free and unpunished”, for which he also recalls that the EU is taking measures to combat confusion. EFE