Wed. Sep 28th, 2022

Geneva, (EFE).- The United Nations investigative mission to Ukraine concluded that Russia committed war crimes during its invasion of the country after visiting the country in June.

According to the president of this tripartite commission, Eric Moss, in his appearance before the UN Human Rights Council, “we were shocked by the large number of executions in the areas we visited.”

The mission investigated such killings in 16 Ukrainian cities, although it received credible reports of crimes in many other locations.

Killing and rape of detainees

Many of these killings have been perpetrated on previously detained persons. Musa highlighted that numerous dead had their hands tied behind their backs, head injuries and throat cuts, indications that they were summary executions.

The president of the commission also denounced that soldiers of the Russian Federation committed sexual and gender-based violence against victims “between the ages of four and 82” and that in some cases their relatives were forced to witness how these men were mistreated. or tortured.

The mission—made up of Colombian Pablo de Grief and Bosnian Jasminka Zumur—“documented the rape, torture and illegal detention of children”, in some cases later killed.

Witnesses interviewed by the mission alleged that after being transported from Ukraine to Russian territory, in some cases they were subjected to beatings, electric shocks and forced nudity during illegal detention.

Several speak with Ukrainian agents in front of a mass grave in Bucha, Ukraine
A group of people talk to authorities in front of the remains of a mass grave in Bucha, Ukraine. EFE/Miguel Gutierrez

More than 6,000 civilians were killed

The investigation concluded the repeated use of explosive devices in non-military areas, affecting residential areas, schools, hospitals and other infrastructure.

According to experts from the United Nations human rights office, these actions have killed nearly 6,000 civilians in the seven-month conflict.

“A portion of the attacks we investigate were launched without distinguishing between civilians and combatants,” Mose said, referring to a body of evidence of possible war crimes.

First mission report

The decisions are the first communicated by the mission since the creation of the Human Rights Council last March and cover activities that took place in February and March, particularly in areas near Kyiv, Chernihiv, Kharkov and Sumy.

“The recent discovery of more mass graves illustrates the seriousness of the situation,” reiterated the commission’s president, who also highlighted the Ukrainian authorities’ cooperation in the investigation and Russia’s refusal to communicate with them.

The mission collected two cases of mistreatment of Russian soldiers by Ukrainian forces, a crime that “although they are small in number, will remain the subject of our attention,” according to Moss.

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