By Mario Villa |
United Nations (EFE). Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky, used his speech before the United Nations General Assembly on Wednesday to call for tougher sanctions against Russia and demand more military support for his country, ruling out any possibility of peace talks right away.
Zelensky addressed the international community on the same day that Russian President Vladimir Putin initiated a new phase of the war by ordering the partial mobilization of reserves and threatening to use nuclear weapons.
Putin’s announcements, which came in the middle of a major Ukrainian counteroffensive, set the pace for a second day of meetings of international leaders at the United Nations, which the Russian leader did not attend, but where he held almost all of the prisoners today. Attention.
Zelensky, who is also not in New York, addressed the General Assembly via a video message and condemned the Russian attack as a “crime” against his country, against its citizens and against all the values the United Nations represents.
“Russia must pay”
“A crime has been committed against Ukraine and we demand just punishment,” the president insisted, speaking in English and wearing his now classic military shirt.
That punishment, he noted, must include sanctions, blocking trade and relations with Moscow, revoking their voting rights in international organizations, restrictions on visas for Russians or the creation of a special court to try crimes committed. , among other things.
Zelensky closed the door on a possible negotiation with Russia at this point, insisting that Moscow is only looking for time to regroup when it comes to dialogue.
“Russia wants to spend the winter in the occupied territories of Ukraine and prepare its forces to try a new offensive. New Buchas, new Ezium…” he said, referring to the two cities where the alleged massacres were discovered after the Russian withdrawal.
“At the very least, they want to prepare fortifications on occupied land and carry out a military mobilization at home,” added Zelensky, who said his country could not accept a war suspended for several months, because then it would be bloodier. .
More military aid
For this reason, he requested more military support from his allies, especially long-range weapons and air defenses, with which he could continue his counterattack.
“We can return the Ukrainian flag to our entire territory. We can do it by force of arms, but we need time,” said Zelensky, who requested more financial support.
As he emphasized, all of Russia’s actions — like Putin’s latest announcement today — show that “Russia wants war.”
“We are ready for peace, but a true, honest and fair peace. That is why we have the world on our side”, he added in a speech that raised a large part of those present in the hemicycle of the General Assembly.
Support for Kiev was strongly heard today at the United Nations in the mouth of US President Joe Biden, who demanded firmness from the world in the face of Russian aggression and who assured that what Putin is looking for is “the end of Ukraine’s right to exist as a state».
Also from several leaders who see the conflict as something too close, as in the case of Estonia or Latvia, while European countries met their foreign ministers in New York to coordinate their response to Putin’s latest move.
Meanwhile, many governments in other regions have opted for more general calls for peace and an end to a conflict that has indirect consequences around the world.
Iran against the United States
Another expected speech of the day was the Iranian leader Ibrahim Raisir, who in his first visit to New York as president denounced the United States and warned Washington that its hegemony is ending and will be replaced by “a new order».
Raisi, who spoke around the United Nations as hundreds of Iranian exiles protested against the theocratic rule in their country, also said he was willing to reach a deal to salvage the 2015 nuclear deal, but demanded guarantees and reiterated that his country would seek nuclear weapons. no
The ultra-conservative leader did not directly mention the protests in the country following the death of a woman who was detained for not wearing a proper veil, but he sought to condemn the “double standards” of critics of the human rights situation. In Iran and not elsewhere.
Web Editing: Natalia Sarmiento