Madrid, September 21 (EFE) .- “Compacting” cities will allow cities with a more sustainable mobility, says the architect and professor at the European University, José Luis Penellas, who, however, is more in favor of creating new metropolises with investments. In infrastructure, technology or research, but always thinking about people, with “ontological aspects”.
Penelas assured in the framework of the European Mobility Week celebrations – whose motto is “Better Connections” – that cities need to be built ten, fifteen or twenty years from now, because the city of the future will go through it. Concept of ‘compactness’.
Cities are “the more compact they are, the more sustainable”, because they free up more green space, they are less aggressive with the soil, travel less, mobility is more efficient, costs less, consumes less fuel and heat pockets are reduced. , says urban planning expert.
And one aspect that will influence changes in the concept and design of cities is “three-dimensional transportation, he maintains, vehicles that will go through the air” – which “already exists in some countries” – it is thought that “two-dimensional and three-dimensional in a city The city is already here”.
The European University professor maintains that “completely different cities” will emerge, with the possibility of putting parks on top of buildings or parking on green highways, which is “totally possible and it is less expensive than what we have now. And it is for the health of everyone and all citizens. will benefit for
The current ones are “made” cities, but the problems are not solved, they can be improved, but “it will not be a complete improvement”.
Penelas said urban design needed to be “rethought”, as cities and neighborhoods were “projected based on the way cities were designed in the last 20 centuries”, an idea that is “obsolete”.
It proposes new systems of thought, new technologies to integrate, new computational systems capable of incorporating all new systems to create them, “which are based on the human interiority.”
These are cities that must work with “zero energy costs, which can be achieved”, hypermobility that extends to all systems and a “transformational mindset”.
To this end, it proposes to make a spatial investment in terms of the location and transfer of all the elements that make up a city, a process that will be done “layer by layer”, one for pedestrians, another for scooter mobility or the other. Bicycles, which have another degree and should never be on the same level as cars, are done by increasing infrastructure.
Penellas calls it “friendly mobility”, which consists of a new concept of urban planning, understood as “an extension and interrelationship with the human senses”, such as sight, touch, among others, which can be “based on the growth of cells and nature Based on a kind of living organism” extends to all elements of the city.
He proposed “forest cities” as examples, which would be passable, but seen from the air “it looks not like a city in practice but as a large green system, creating a microclimate on an urban scale, and this is what is currently being claimed.” .
That is, the “internalization” of cities by humans, designed from the senses, from perception, not only physical, but some “living creature” that will change and adapt to the needs of society in real time. , political and economic systems, among others.
This type of city, which he calls “hyperfluid”, has not yet been built, although he proposed it for cities in South Korea, where nature, water systems, an interconnection of systems and functions, an interconnected city, not divided by region, so that the city Education, leisure, business were all integrated with nature.
“It will be a reinvention of what cities are today,” Penelas underlined
In Spain, there is the example of Vitoria, but “there is the example of the pedestrianization of Madrid, which continues to increase the pedestrian system and which makes it the city of its inhabitants”, but it is a “very slow process”, which is why it proposes a “much more radical and surgical” step. by doing