Wed. Oct 5th, 2022

America Editorial, September 18 (EFE) .- Global threats such as the war in Ukraine, the food crisis, the climate emergency or rising inflation will be mixed with problems closer to their reality in the speeches of Latin American leaders at the United Nations this week. , such as the fight against drugs in Colombia, Chile’s constitutional framework, US sanctions on Venezuela or Argentina’s claim to the Malvinas.

The President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, will be in charge of opening the leaders’ speech before the plenary session of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which begins on Tuesday the 20th and ends on Monday the 26th. After Bolsonaro, it will be US President Joe Biden’s turn and then Chile’s Gabriel Boric.

Brazil’s president, who is seeking re-election in the Oct. 2 election, anticipates that his speech before the General Assembly will serve as an electoral platform to address Brazilian voters, as expected at a press conference by the multilateral secretary this week. Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paulino Carvalho.

Bolsonaro will also address issues on the global agenda, including the global economic situation after the pandemic, the war in Ukraine and the need to guarantee food sovereignty and strengthen sustainable development.

Unlike the Brazilian leader, Gabriel Boric prefers to keep the content of his first speech before the UN General Assembly a secret, Palacio de la Moneda sources explained to EFE, but analysts believe it will be consistent with his speech. The Summit of the Americas was held in Los Angeles (USA) in early June.

On the occasion, which marked his debut at a multinational forum, the progressive leader called for eliminating tax havens and boosting inter-American trade, called for a coordinated solution to immigration, expressed concern about rising prices and offered to act quickly and effectively on protections. . With special reference to the environment, ethical mining and renewable energy.

According to experts, the Chilean president will address issues of a global nature, such as Russia’s aggression in Ukraine, and maintain a balance between the United States and the European Union, one of China’s main trading partners in the current context. Competing for world domination.

The main unknown in Barik’s speech is how he will describe his country’s domestic situation, after the overwhelming rejection of the new constitution project that was submitted to a referendum on September 4 opened a period of uncertainty about how it will proceed. Constitutional process.

New approaches in the fight against drugs

For his part, the President of Colombia, Gustavo Petro, who took office last August, will address the United Nations General Assembly for the first time.

Colombia’s president will highlight the need to implement urgent action to stop the global climate crisis, a threat that, he says, puts the existence of “the human species” at risk.

In line with this concern, Petro will propose a dialogue between the United States and Latin America to create “an energy transition” that leads to a “decarbonized economy.”

The new relationship with Washington also includes a different approach to the fight against drugs, because the one applied so far, according to him, has not only failed, but has compromised democracy in his country.

Colombia’s president, Gustavo Petro, in a file photograph. EFE/Carlos Ortega

Petro is also expected to talk about his “total peace” initiative, a priority of his government that includes negotiating a deal with the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas and extending his peace offer to criminal gangs and the FARC opposition, for which support The international community is essential.

Regarding Argentina, official sources consulted by EFE indicated that “the issue of political violence must be present” in President Alberto Fernández’s speech before the UN General Assembly, following the failed attack against Vice President Cristina Fernández, which took place on September 1, an assassination attempt that, according to the government, Occurred in a context of increasing political aggression and “hate speech”.

In his speech, the Argentine president will also talk about the impact of the war in Ukraine on prices, access to food and energy, but a particularly negative impact on less developed countries, as well as the contribution that Argentina can make. Act as an important producer in agri-food and hydrocarbons.

Additionally, as is customary in every speech by an Argentine president before the United Nations, Fernández will repeat Argentina’s claim to sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands and a request for the United Kingdom to come to the negotiating table.

A five-year global truce

Meanwhile, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that he would propose to the United Nations the creation of a committee to achieve dialogue and peace between Russia and Ukraine and sign a cease-fire between all nations of the world for at least five years. This includes suspending military operations and provocations as well as military testing.

López Obrador will propose that the committee be made up of Pope Francis, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, demanding an end to hostilities in Ukraine and the start of direct talks between President Volodymyr Zelensky. and Vladimir Putin.

Peru’s congressional approval so that the president, Pedro Castillo, could travel to New York to attend the United Nations General Assembly was a surprise, given the conflict between the two institutions since Castillo had agreed to lead it fourteen months earlier. State.

In fact, Parliament did not allow him to attend the inauguration of Gustavo Petro on 7 August. But on this occasion, the Congress, the scene of the political division of the country, has allowed him and Castillo will also be able to attend the summit on education to be held tomorrow Monday, where the President of Peru, a teaching profession, will feel particularly comfortable.

The mystery of Venezuela

Nicolás Maduro’s intervention is not certain, and if he does speak it will likely be in effect, as the United States has barred him from entering since August 2017 to enforce a package of sanctions against the Chavista regime.

If Maduro wants to travel to the UN headquarters in New York to attend the General Assembly, the US will study the request, but nothing has happened so far.

File photo of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, speaking during the United Nations General Assembly, in September 2015. EFE/Jason Szenes

According to analysts, Nicolás Maduro will focus on the US threat, in case he intervenes telematically. If it does not start talks with the opposition to impose new sanctions on Venezuela, which was suspended by the government’s decision in October last year.

In the same way, he will reject the intervention and interference that, according to him, Washington will practice against Venezuela and other countries, such as Nicaragua or Cuba, and defend the sovereignty and multilateralism of nations against capitalism.

In addition, he will condemn the campaign that, according to him, the West maintains against Russia in the war in Ukraine and will not miss the opportunity to think that while the world is going through a serious energy crisis, Venezuela has resources that are available to the countries that need them, but Under conditions imposed by Caribbean countries.

Edited by Juan David Moso

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