Mon. Sep 26th, 2022

United Nations, September 19 (EFE) .- Leaders from around the world will begin to intervene tomorrow, Tuesday, before the United Nations General Assembly, which this year has been marked by the war in Ukraine and the various crises arising from that conflict.

After a 2020 in which the General Assembly was held virtually due to the pandemic and a 2021 in which it was held in a hybrid manner, on this occasion all leaders who would intervene would do so in person from New York.

The only exception would be Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who has been allowed to address the rest of the world via a pre-recorded video given the state of war in his country.

Ukraine, the main problem

The Ukrainian conflict will be one of the topics that will mark this year’s Great Week of International Diplomacy, which is taking place at a time of military advances in Kiev, which have allowed Russia to recapture parts of the occupied territory.

So far, a clear majority of countries in the world have supported Ukraine at the United Nations, and Western powers are expected this week to seek the support of major countries that have remained more or less silent for months, because of events from India.

Russian President Vladimir Putin will not travel to New York and his government’s delegation will be led by Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

In addition to the speech before the Assembly, Lavrov is scheduled to attend a ministerial meeting on Ukraine at the Security Council on Thursday.

International crisis

The food crisis, exacerbated by the war in Ukraine and which threatens to lead to famine in several countries, will be another issue at the center of the UN debate.

Much attention is also expected for the energy crisis linked to the conflict – of direct importance for European countries, but for the world in general due to the increase in energy prices – and for climate change – with the United Nations looking for new committed citizens- .

Economic conditions marked by strong global inflation will also feature prominently in many leaders’ speeches.

With thousands of diplomats in attendance in New York, parallel to the General Assembly, all sorts of issues will likely be discussed, including key ones on the international agenda, such as nuclear talks with Iran. Yemen, Libya or Syria and the crisis in various African countries, especially in the Sahel.

Change the agenda

Logically, this year’s meetings will be somewhat conditioned by this Monday’s celebration of Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral, which will largely affect the education summit hosted this Monday by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

The presence of many heads of state in London would prevent their participation in the event and, furthermore, change the normal script of the General Assembly.

For example, US President Joe Biden, who always speaks on Inauguration Day, will not address the event until Wednesday.

Yes, Jair Bolsonaro will be at the start, who will fulfill the tradition and, as the President of Brazil, will deliver the first speech among hundreds of heads of state and government to cross the floor of the General Assembly.

Latin America, hero this Tuesday

Tuesday’s session will have a significant Latin American presence and will mark the premiere of several new leaders from the region at the United Nations, such as Chile’s Gabriel Boric, Colombia’s Gustavo Petro and Honduran Xiomara Castro.

With these new banners of the Latin American left, the president of Peru, Pedro Castillo, Alberto Fernandez of Argentina and Luis Arce of Bolivia will speak tomorrow.

Other Latin American leaders of various political stripes are also expected to attend, such as the President of Paraguay, Mario Abdo Benitez; From Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei; And from El Salvador, Naib Buckel, who will be in New York after announcing his controversial decision to run for re-election.

Among the most important leaders who will speak this Tuesday are French President Emmanuel Macron; German Chancellor Olaf Scholz; Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan; and the heads of government of Italy, Mario Draghi, and Japan, Kishida Fumio.

By Mario Villa

Edited by Juan K. Ochoa

By admin

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